The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Use
The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits arising from their Utilization (the Nagoya Protocol) was adopted in 2010 at the Tenth Meeting of Conference of Parties (COP 10) of the CBD in Nagoya, Japan, after 6 years of negotiation. The basis of the negotiation of the Nagoya Protocol were was a mandate established at the 7th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) held in Kuala Lumpur in 2004 which was in turn responding to a call for establishment of international rules to ensure that benefits flowed to mainly developing countries that are providers of genetic resources made by the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 in Johannesburg. The Nagoya Protocol opened for signature by Parties to the CBD on 2nd February, 2011 to 1 February 2012 and entered into force on 12 October 2014.
The objective of the CBD is the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
The full text can be found on https://www.cbd.int/abs/text/default.shtml