This ecosystem occurs mainly in the Middleveld and Lowveld. The Savanna-woodland mosaic historically accounted for 48% of the country’s land area.
- Significance: This ecosystem is home to about half of the country’s flora species complement and more than half of the fauna. It has a moderate number of threatened and endemic plants and vertebrates. The Savanna-woodland provides food, grazing, medicinal plants, timber and fuel,
- Status: Originally covered 48% of the country’s land area but has been reduced by 25%. 5% of this ecosystem is formally protected. An additional 2% is informally protected.
- Threats: Swaziland’s Savanna-woodlands are threatened by:
- Unsustainable grazing
- Unsustainable resource use,
- Alien invasive plant species, and
- Bush encroachment.