Target 12

Target 12: By 2022, the extinction of species known to be threatened in Swaziland has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those that are endemic and those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

Current situation: To date, two red data lists have been compiled in the country. One for plants and another for vertebrates. A total of 305 species of plants have been included in list, representing 9% of the total plant species richness. A total of 132 species of vertebrates appaera in the Vertebrate Red Data list. This includes 11 species of fish, 4 species of amphibians, 14 species of reptiles, 55 species of birds and 48 species of mammals together accounting for 9-20% of the country’s total vertebrates. Many other species in the country have declining populations, some of which have already gone extinct such as the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus).

Current initiatives:

Strategic Initiative 1: Improve the status of threatened species.

Strategic Initiative 2: Restore, maintain or reduce the decline of populations of selected taxonomic groups.

Swaziland’s Biodiversity Targets


Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society


Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use


Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity


Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services.


Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building