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Environmental Laws of Swaziland

Swaziland as a country has a strong national obligation to ensure that her natural resources and environment are used sustainably for future generations to strive in a healthy environment.

There are a number of laws and regulations relating to environmental issues in Swaziland.

National Environmental Laws
The Swaziland Environment was established in 1992 by section 4 the Swaziland Environment Authority Act 1992. Since the establishment of the Authority the following pieces of legal tools have been produced:


  • The Swaziland Environment Authority Act 1992
  • National Environmental Policy
  • Environmental Audit and Assessment Review Regulations 2000
  • The Waste Regulations 2000
  • The Air Pollution Regulations 2001
  • The Water Pollution Regulations 2001
  • The Environmental Management Act 2002
  • The Ozone Depleting Substances Regulations 2003


For these key legislations a summary has been prepared.

Other laws related to the environment but not administered by the SEA authority are:

  • The Water Act 2003
  • The Game Act 1993
  • The Flora Protection Act 2001
  • The Natural Resources Act 1951
  • The Natural Resources Regulations 1951
  • The Swaziland National Trust Commission Act 1972
  • The Plant Control Act 1981

The UNEP-DEPI Department has included Swaziland to be one beneficiary under its projects. One of the objects of the project is to strengthen institutions on the implementation of environmental law. It is hoped that other laws will be produced as outputs of this project

Downloadable Documents - Legislation

Related documents:

The Environment Management Act, 2002

Related pages:

Environmental Legislations Summaries
The Environment Management Act, 2002

Related links:

National Trust Commission Act, 1972, amended 1973.
The Flora Protection Act, 2000
The Game (amendment) Act, 1991
The Game Act, 1953
The Protection of Fresh Water Fish Act, 1938
The Public Enterprises Act
The Wild Birds Protection Act, 1914
Responsible Organisation:
SEA
 
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