Swaziland ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1992. For Swazilands implementation of the Protocol, funding is fully obtained from UNEP. The country has formulated regulations as a way of implementing some parts of the Protocol -specifically Art 4 (b) of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
The Protocol through the Refrigerant Management Plan tries to phase out refrigerants, hence the Regulations also try to address this under the Second Schedule of the 2003 Ozone Depleting Substances Regulations, which have been recently gazetted. The Regulations entail a licensing system on the import and export of ozone depleting substances as a means of regulating the transfer of such substances which can leave the country with adverse impacts. This will in turn help the SEA to improve its monitoring exercises to end users of these substances.
The Department of Customs and Excise play an important role in determining the end users of these for ease of monitoring by the Authority. Through training sessions awareness has been raised on the existence of the draft Regulations and its aims. The department has also been taught the methods of data collection to be produced on SEA’s demand. This is because these are based at the entry points of the country and has been targeted to obtained good data for the ozone unit.
The regulations are already in use as the Customs Department liases with the Authority’s Ozone Unit constantly. The Authority has now started to design the permit to be issued, which will also have a bearing on the SEA parent law.